Before you buy a cleanser, the first thing you need to do is learn what your skin type is. This step is important as you will then know what kind of ingredients your skin can tolerate.
I cannot stress this enough but it is extremely important to pay attention to the ingredients of the products we are putting on our faces. There are a lot of skin care products on the market and I know walking down the drugstore skin care aisle, Sephora, Lush and skin care counters in department stores can be very overwhelming but you must read the ingredients and do your research.
Any kind of cleanser or treatment should not, in my opinion, have large amounts of alcohol, methnol or witch hazel in it as these products strip the skin of its natural oils.
You want to look for gentle ingredients such as cocamidopropyl betaine and caprylic triglyceride as they are sulfate-free surfactants. Surfactants for those who do not know are surface active agent, basically the active chemicals in soap and detergents; and can dry out the skin.
You should also avoid cleansers with fragrance as they can irritate the skin and parabens. Parabens are preservatives that are esters of p-hydroxybenzoic acid used in cosmetic products. While the FDA says parabens are safe there have been debates about whether they are linked to health risks such as breast cancer; common parabens are methylparaben, ethylparaben, propylparaben, and butylparaben. You can spot a paraben because they usually end with paraben.
Products with Glycerin will help your skin retain moisture while non-comedogenic products will not clog your pores. Avoid getting a cleanser that has retinol or anti-oxidants as the products doesn’t stay long enough on the skin to be effective.
If you are looking at cleansers with an exfoliating aspect, the following is a guide for choosing the right exfoliating granules for your skin type; this guide of course also applies to choosing a facial scrub:-
The mildest granules- Sodium tetraborate decahydrate; the granules soften and dissolve when they get wet,
The mild granules: Polyethylene silica or beads and Jojoba esters; the granules are round and smooth,
The harsh granules: Cross-linked polymethacrylate, Calcium carbonate (particles are different sizes and gritty);
The harshest: Ground seeds, such as apricot, almond and walnut seeds, and Aluminum oxide- granules have rough edges.
Now that you armed with this new information, go out and shop for your new cleanser with confidence. Good luck beautiful!